As important as the “liberal versus conservative” divide is, the established church dilemma is one of the many examples of the redefinition of the rifts within global Catholicism. But the importance of this is that in Francis there is a genuine ambivalence about the role of the church in the public square: a church that does not want to be politicized, but reclaims its right and duty to be political as it is necessary for a prophetic church. This is not just ambivalence, but a dilemma that is caused by the profound changes in the role of the church in our globalized world.
Massimo Faggioli, Catholicism & Citizenship: Political Cultures of the Church in the Twenty-First Century (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2017), p. 89. ISBN: 978-0-8146-8426-8.